Egypt’s CO2 emissions up by 2.13%, fossil fuels largely to blame

The Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) has reported a rise in Egypt's carbon dioxide emissions resulting from petroleum products and natural gas consumption.

In a statement issued on Monday, CAPMAS said emissions for 2014/2015 were 201.34 million tons, compared with 197.14 million tons in 2013/2014, making an increase of 2.13 percent.

Monday's statement coincides with World Environment Day, celebrated on June 5 every year, on which governments, scientists, NGOs and activists seek to highlight pressing environmental issues such as global warming.

According to the CAPMAS statement, the biggest single source of carbon dioxide emissions in Egypt is the electricity sector, which is a large consumer of petroleum products, accounting for 42.6 percent of the nation's total CO2 emissions during 2014/2015.

The other major contributors were: the transport sector, with 17.9 percent; the industrial sector, with 17.2 percent; and the domestic and trade sectors with 8.0 percent.

The total amount of electricity generated from renewable energy — including hydroelectricity, wind power and solar power — also increased in recent years, according to CAPMAS.

Renewables accounted for 14,798 MW/hr in 2013/14, compared with 14,618 MW/hr in 2012/2013, representing an increase of 1.2 percent.

The statistics body also announed that Egypt has managed to largely phase out ozone-depleting substances, in line with the goals of the Montreal Protocol.

Egypt consumed 10 tons of bromomethane gas in 2014, compared to 92 tons in 2013, representing a decrease of 89.1 percent, said the agency. Egypt stopped the use of halon gas in 2007 and the chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in 2011 , according to the statement.

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) founded World Environment Day in 1972, with the aim of highlighting threats to the natural environment and helping to identify possible solutions.

This year's World Environment Day is celebrated under the slogan "Go Wild for Life".

Edited translation from MENA

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