Final results for many Iranian parliamentary constituencies announced Saturday show supporters of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad relegated to a small fraction of the legislature, hugely outnumbered by the conservatives who once backed him but then turned against him after he was perceived to challenge the authority of top clerics.
Iran has touted the turnout for Friday’s elections as a show of support for the country’s religious leadership in their confrontation with the West over Tehran’s controversial nuclear program.
It also represents another blow against the populist president who, while allied with the conservatives on foreign policy and many other issues, had tried to change the rules of the political game in the Islamic Republic, where the president and legislature are subordinate to religious figures like Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khanenei.
The new parliament will begin its sessions in late May. It has no direct control over major policy matters like Iran’s nuclear program, but it can influence the run-up to the election of Ahmadinejad’s successor in 2013.
Of 65 seats for grabs in Friday’s runoff election, Ahmadinejad’s opponents won 20 while the president’s supporters got only 8 seats. Independents won 11, according to the state media early Saturday.
Results for the rest including the capital Tehran are expected later in the day. About nine Ahmadinejad supporters are likely to win seats in Tehran where they were in a neck-and-neck race. The president’s opponents are almost certain to win the remaining 16 seats.
Ahmadinejad’s opponents had already won an outright majority in the 290-member legislature in the first round of voting in March.
Iran’s major reformist parties, who oppose both Ahmadinejad and the conservatives, mostly did not field candidates.
The results suggest Ahmadinejad will face a more belligerent parliament in the remaining time of the second four-year term in office that ends August 2013. His allies are likely to be ousted from key posts, and his economic policies challenged.
Iran’s media has claimed that the turnout Saturday matched that of the initial round of voting on 2 March, when 64 percent of voters reportedly cast ballots.
“Mass turnout in runoff parliamentary elections,” declared a front-page headline in the government-run Iran Daily.
Iranian leaders have showcased the high voter turnout as a sign of trust in the clerical-led system and rejection of Western pressure over the nuclear issue. The West suspects Iran is pursuing nuclear weapons and is demanding that Iran stop uranium enrichment. Iran has refused, saying its program is aimed at power generation and cancer treatment.
“The vote is support for the ruling system as it faces the US and its allies over the nuclear program … The vote also means that tensions will increase between Ahmadinejad and his opponents in the incoming parliament,” political analyst Ali Reza Khamesian said.
Ahmadinejad was voted in for a second term in 2009 in a hotly disputed election with the backing of the clerical establishment. But he has seen his political fortunes decline sharply after he was perceived to have defied Khamenei in April 2011 over the appointment of an intelligence chief and tried to expand the authority of the presidency.
Khamesian said Ahmadinejad was gradually fading from Iran’s political scene, but could still stir up conflict with parliament.
“Ahmadinejad is the losing party. So, he will try to create tensions in the hope of getting concessions,” he said.
The outgoing parliament and Ahmadinejad are at loggerheads over how quickly to slash food and energy subsidies. The president favors dramatic cuts to boost Iran’s ailing economy by reducing the massive drain on the state budget from the subsidies.
The government implemented a first phase of slashing subsidies in December 2010. Gasoline prices quadrupled and bread prices tripled after the cuts came into effect 19 December 2010. Prices have increased in recent months, partly as a result of sanctions over Iran’s nuclear program, and also due to news that the government is considering ending subsidies altogether.
Parliamentary speaker Ali Larijani, one of Ahmadinejad’s opponents, said the parliament won’t allow him to quickly end the remaining subsidies because it would cause wild inflation and public dissatisfaction.